Web Scraping Using Python Github

Web Scraping Using Python Github

Web scraping is an automated, programmatic process through which data can be constantly 'scraped' off webpages. Also known as screen scraping or web harvesting, web scraping can provide instant data from any publicly accessible webpage. On some websites, web scraping may be illegal.

# Scraping using the Scrapy framework

First you have to set up a new Scrapy project. Enter a directory where you’d like to store your code and run:

Using
  • GitHub - Bijay555/flipkart-Web-Scraping-using-python: Basically it contains code and procedures of how we can scrap any web and get tons of information. It is easy to understand.
  • Advanced web scraping tools Scrapy is a Python framework for large scale web scraping. It gives you all the tools you need to efficiently extract data from websites, process them as you want,.
  • When scraping many pages from a website, using the same IP addresses will lead to getting blocked. A way to avoid this is by rotating proxies and IP addresses that can prevent your scrapers from being disrupted. In this tutorial, we will show you how to rotate proxies and IP addresses to prevent getting blocked while scraping.

To scrape we need a spider. Spiders define how a certain site will be scraped. Here’s the code for a spider that follows the links to the top voted questions on StackOverflow and scrapes some data from each page (source):

Extract.py: This code uses the BeautifulSoup library to extract the links in any webpage. The user needs to enter the website from where links have to be extracted. This code uses the 'a' tag in the HTML code to help extract all the links that are embedded in the web page.

Save your spider classes in the projectNamespiders directory. In this case - projectNamespidersstackoverflow_spider.py.

Now you can use your spider. For example, try running (in the project's directory):

# Basic example of using requests and lxml to scrape some data

# Maintaining web-scraping session with requests

It is a good idea to maintain a web-scraping session to persist the cookies and other parameters. Additionally, it can result into a performance improvement because requests.Session reuses the underlying TCP connection to a host:

# Scraping using Selenium WebDriver

Some websites don’t like to be scraped. In these cases you may need to simulate a real user working with a browser. Selenium launches and controls a web browser.

Selenium can do much more. It can modify browser’s cookies, fill in forms, simulate mouse clicks, take screenshots of web pages, and run custom JavaScript.

# Scraping using BeautifulSoup4

# Modify Scrapy user agent

Sometimes the default Scrapy user agent ('Scrapy/VERSION (+http://scrapy.org)') is blocked by the host. To change the default user agent open settings.py, uncomment and edit the following line to what ever you want.

For example

# Simple web content download with urllib.request

The standard library module urllib.request can be used to download web content:

A similar module is also available in Python 2.

Python Web Scraping Tools

# Scraping with curl

Web Scraping Using Python Github Example

imports:

Downloading:

Web Scraping Using Python Github

-s: silent download

-A: user agent flag

Parsing:

# Remarks

# Useful Python packages for web scraping (alphabetical order)

# Making requests and collecting data

A simple, but powerful package for making HTTP requests.

Caching for requests; caching data is very useful. In development, it means you can avoid hitting a site unnecessarily. While running a real collection, it means that if your scraper crashes for some reason (maybe you didn't handle some unusual content on the site...? maybe the site went down...?) you can repeat the collection very quickly from where you left off.

Web scraping in python github

Useful for building web crawlers, where you need something more powerful than using requests and iterating through pages.

Web Scraping Using Python Github Download

Python bindings for Selenium WebDriver, for browser automation. Using requests to make HTTP requests directly is often simpler for retrieving webpages. However, this remains a useful tool when it is not possible to replicate the desired behaviour of a site using requests alone, particularly when JavaScript is required to render elements on a page.

# HTML parsing

Basic Web Scraping In Python

Query HTML and XML documents, using a number of different parsers (Python's built-in HTML Parser,html5lib, lxml or lxml.html)

Web Scraping Using Python Github Tutorial

Processes HTML and XML. Can be used to query and select content from HTML documents via CSS selectors and XPath.